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How to Run DBCC CHECKDB in SQL Server For Ensuring Database Integrity?

Shubham Dixit   
Published: Jun 28, 2023 • SQL • 4 Minutes Reading

For maintaining the integrity and consistency of a SQL Server database, DBCC CHECKDB becomes an essential tool for database administrators. By performing a comprehensive check, it identifies and repairs any potential corruption issues within the database. Some users might be trying to In this article, we will walk you through the process of how to run DBCC CHECKDB in SQL Server, ensuring that your database remains healthy and error-free.

Brief Introduction of DBCC CHECKDB in SQL Server

You may or may not be accustomed to using DBCC statements, or database console commands. These four kinds of statements—Maintenance, Miscellaneous, Informational, and Validation—can be used to organise the statements used for different database operations. A handful of the DBCC statements are often used, but DBCC CHECKDB is the most used.

What is the Purpose of SQL Server DBCC CHECKDB?

Having corrupt data is not good. It can result in a variety of problems with the database, such as inaccurate data results, failed SQL statements, and in rare situations, it can even bring down the entire SQL instance. DBCC CHECKDB in SQL alerts the user about corruption, so that users may address it before it becomes too severe (hopefully). So to avoid this, it becomes important to run DBCC CHECKDB in SQL Server. 

Steps or Techniques to Use  DBCC CHECKDB in SQL Server 

To run DBCC CHECKDB in SQL Server, you can follow these steps or techniques:

There is one thing to Remember, running DBCC CHECKDB can be resource-intensive and may impact your server performance, when dealing with large databases. Hence, we recommended users execute it during maintenance windows or when the load of the server is relatively low.

1: Open SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) on your system

2: Look for the target database: Find and enter the name of the DB to check for integrity and corruption issues.

3: Construct the DBCC CHECKDB query: Use the DBCC CHECKDB command followed by the target database name within single quotes (”). Optionally, include additional options as needed.

Choose the parameters Required: Add optional parameters to the DBCC CHECKDB command based on the requirements. Some commonly used options include:

  • NO_INFOMSGS: Suppresses informational messages to reduce output.
  • ALL_ERRORMSGS: Shows all error messages that occurred during the check.
  • REPAIR_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS: Attempts to repair errors found but can lead to data loss. So, be cautious while using this option.

4: Execute the query: Run the DBCC CHECKDB query either by clicking the Execute button in SSMS or by using the appropriate command in your preferred SQL Server tool.

5: Review the results: After the execution, carefully analyze the output generated. Look, if there are any reported errors, inconsistencies, or corruptions in the database.

6: Take appropriate actions: Based on the results, decide & take the necessary actions to resolve the identified issues. If data loss is a concern, consider restoring from a backup or involving database administrators to address critical problems.

7: Schedule regular checks: Implement a regular schedule to run DBCC CHECKDB on your databases to proactively detect and resolve any emerging issues.

Quick Solution to Recover/Repair Your SQL Server Database Files

In some situations, when the user run DBCC CHECKDB in SQL server, the operations/methods used may not succeed and generate an error when working with extremely corrupt SQL database files. At this stage, SQL Database Recovery Software becomes an ideal solution for users when dealing with large databases with severely corrupted files.

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The software helps restore all of the significantly damaged components of a severely corrupt MS SQL database while preserving the integrity of the database. With a minimum of manual labour and time, the utility aids in reestablishing database access.

1. Install and Run the utility, next click on Open to select and load the MDF files.

run DBCC CHECKDB in sql server

2. In Add File Window > Scan options>Advanced Scan mode, mark the SQL Server version and Recover Deleted Objects then select the OK button.

scanning process

3. After the scanning process ends. Preview all the recovered data and click on Export.

Preview the recovered files

4. Click on the Export button to fix & recover the corrupted files in SQL Server.

run DBCC CHECKDB in sql server

Also Read: DBCC CHECKDB Taking Long Time – Tricks For Reducing Execution Time


An essential tool for preserving the integrity of your SQL Server database is DBCC CHECKDB. You may run DBCC CHECKDB in SQL server successfully by following the detailed instructions in this article, discovering any potential corruption concerns, and taking the necessary precautions to guarantee the best performance and dependability of your database.

You can reduce the chance of data corruption and maintain the efficient operation of your SQL Server system by using the best-automated utility which makes the data recovery task easier when DBCC CHECKDB commands are not working well for you.